Saturday, June 6, 2020

Crime Scene Contamination Essay - 275 Words

Crime Scene Contamination (Essay Sample) Content: Everett JohnsonJO5252277CJ250CriminalisticsCJ250 Term PaperCriminologyQuestion 1: Crime Scene ContaminationCrime scene is a location where the forensic evidence of the offense may be found. As such, a crime scene inevitably comprises of areas that the police find physical evidence, and the criminal investigation personnel. Crime scenes should allow proper access to the victim, in other words, there should be no restriction for experts like forensic scientists in their endeavor for collecting relevant information. The aim of diagnosing a crime scene is to find evidence to present in a court of law against a suspect on trial.The issue and the notion of adulteration at the crime scene compromised by the police, in this case, could have been due to various reasons. As such, inefficient or not fully qualified police officer(s) would fail to undertake a professional criminal scenes analysis. This would result in difficulty of the real evidence restoration. The police might have been the prime suspects of the crime; thus, taking chances to contaminate the crime scenes with no proof of evidence at the crime scene of anyone being involved in crime committing.With contaminated crime scenes, it will lead to unsuccessful crime scene investigation; it will later end up having wrong results and not unmasking the truth. As such, this could lead to an innocent person at the trial instead of the real suspect who participated in the crime. While reviewing a crime scene with contaminated crime scenes, no exact proof is being found, and that might lead to incomplete procedures and the right information not found (Brown, Davenport, 2012). In addition to this, this misinterprets the result(s) found after undertaking the criminal investigation process.Question 2: Collection and Gathering of EvidenceThe collection process begins immediately after the crime scene has been noted and after proper documentation of the scene of a crime has been done (Brown, Davenport, 201 2). The immediate procedure of this process is to consider evidence objects that are delicate and easy to be lost.The obvious piece of evidence is the 9mm shell. As such, this is one of the major pieces of evidence. In this case, the crime could be unraveled by restoring back the shell to its initial position. If the evidence is inadvertently moved (for example, caught in the boot treads of an EMT), police would document the inadvertent moving of the evidence and recover it from its new location. The shell should be processed for fingerprints before being declared safe. Subsequently, it is then stored in a dry plastic bag.With prints collection that includes shoe impression and fingerprints and palm prints, there is a need for professional crime investigation procedure. Any item that does not move, such as the floor is diagnosed using black powder. A camera having high zooming power with detachable flash is used to capture the images of the prints while they are usually the core de terminers of successful crime investigation. Differences between the finger of the suspect and the victim should be identified. Trap in the bottom of the shower may yield seminal fluid of the victim if sexually assaulted and forced to shower, and even potential DNA and trace evidence from the body (autopsy).Question 3: Collection and Storage of EvidenceIn a typical sexual act, it is expected that a man should reach his sexual satisfaction by ejaculating sperm. In this scenario, sperm is being retrieved from the victim's private organs if the suspect had sex with the victim without any protection and ejaculated in her or even on the sheets. The nature of the encounter that was a forceful one, the probability is that he ejaculated into her vagina. Any fluid found should be stored safely for DNA examination. The visible hair found on the drained is packed in a document container for DNA analysis in order to determine the person whose hair was pulled. Saliva found on the black ski mask is retrieved and stored in a paper packet for DNA analysis.The emptied jewelry box is examined to know what type of jewelry was in the box, a photograph of latent fingerprints on the knob of the box is taken for crime investigation. Typically, latents are lifted using a powder and transferred to a card. As such, latents in unique evidence, for example, blood stained fingerprints would be photographed. With the dark blue Chevrolet Caprice leaving the crime scene abruptly and screeching tires leaving a long black tire track, there is a reason to match the tires threads in a suspectà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s possession; this is possible provided enough of the pattern is transferred onto the asphalt. But with the spinning wheels, this is not usually the case. Before the collection of tire tracks is performed, one-to-one photography is done at the scene of the crime using a leveler, ruler, and tripod stand. It is done having the flash to a degree of 45 to the area surface containing impression.The ind ication of the phone cable being cut and marked with signs from a dull knife suggests the hideous intentions of the suspects. As such, this paints a picture that the suspects did not want the victim to communicate to anyone who could rescue her including the police. For this reason, their efforts to block the communication was to cut the mobile cable that they managed to do using a dull knife. This could have also been done to disarm a home alarm system as most alarms, use telephone lines to report any case of intrusion. Often the system fails and does not activate when cut by the perpetrator.Question 4: Evidence Documentation and PreservationThe unobvious pieces of proof that need(s) to be looked for assistance in the investigation could be the demographic information about the victim as well as the habits, lifestyle information, and history. They can be compiled to give an exquisite direction for investigation. These could be done by asking family members and close friends of the victim. A good profile of the victim could convey habits and routines that may aid investigators in determining the events of the crime and assist in determining a time of death. Interviews with witnesses who saw the crime can provide information about crime events that can later be compared with the physical evidence. Examinations can determine the type of data files contained in a computer of the victim, compare those files with known documents or archives, determine the time when and sequence in which files were created. Examination can also be used to extract files from computers and storage media (for example, flash disks, CDs), recover deleted files, convert file formats, search data files by keywords, recover passwords, and analyze and compare source codes. If the victim was active in social media, her last interactions could be examined. Consequently, if there are any interactions that would point to a potential(s) suspect(s) e.g. ex-boyfriend, former husband, co-worker, etc . could be more beneficial with the ongoing investigations.Documentation of the criminal evidence is a crucial procedure that must be undertaken by everyone conducting a criminal investigation activity. Without records, criminal officials have to depend on their memory while making decisions upon adjusting their criminal investigation practices; the human brain can be unreliable particularly after months or even years. Documenting of criminal evidence, assisting future reference to study the behavior and criminal trends is also imperative in crime investigation. Research has shown that criminals tend to adjust their criminal strategies with time and that their current strategies to commit crimes will say more about their future strategy. Documentation of the crime evidence is a professional act of crucial importance, which helps the police determine a critical analysis of crime activity in any given neighborhood.Question 5: Maintaining Proper Chain of Custody for Evidence GatheredSt andard work will help the judge in court during the trial session to access the documented criminal evidence and to be able to administer the right judgment to the suspects if found guilty. It is important for investigators to show that the evidence collected remained in police custody and was not tampered with since its collection.Preservation of criminal pieces of evidence such as photos of prints could be stored on compact discs with the correct order of proof occurrence and documenting the gunshot wound(s) of the victim. The evidence would help to know the position where the suspect fired the bullet; this could also explain the type of gun used for doing it (Chisum, Turvey, 2011). For movement reasons, to avoid contamination from happening, the hair threads collected from the drain are packed into plastic polyethene bags for not more than 60 minutes. Upon the arrival to a secure area, the hair threads are allowed to dry up. It is then transferred into a paper envelope. To have a lasting condition for evidence collected during medical forensic examination, every piece of evidence of the crime should be labeled with the name of the investigator who conducted the investigation. Right dates should be written on the specimen, and where it was retrieved from in that situation.The grounds on which a defense attorney could attack the credibility of any evidence gathered is when there is no proper chain of evidence custody collected at the scene of the crime.The same reason could be when there are conflicting statements from the witnesses, and the evidence obtained from the site of the crime is not well-defined.Question 6: Immediate AssessmentFrom my immediate assessment of the apartment, it is evident that the suspects forced their way in by ...

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Industrial Revolution A Time Of Economic Success

Although the Industrial Revolution is widely referred as a time of economic success, and very often benefited the rich. The Industrial Revolution occurred during the eighteenth century and was a time of innovation, but it is clear that present time has made several improvements, especially in working conditions. The working conditions were harsh and unlike the working conditions of present time child labor was very prevalent in the period of the Industrial Revolution, in addition to this there were low wages and almost no work safety as for present time, many laws and policies have been placed in order to ensure better working conditions. Mass production played a big role in the Industrial Revolution and its working conditions. The Industrial Revolution was a time of progress in terms of new machines and technology being used in manufacturing products. With a stronger demand for all kinds of products there was an even bigger demand for a larger workforce, which also varied in gender and age. Child labor was fairly common during this period; children were hired to perform some of the tasks the adults were unable to perform. Such as working in mines that involved small crawl areas or in textile factories where their small fingers could fix broken threads. Working conditions were not only harsh on children, but also for the adults. As a result of mass production, people often worked long hours with almost no rest. Consequently, these long working hours lead to accidents,Show MoreRelatedSuccesses And Failures Of The French Revolution And The Industrial Revolution1391 Words   |  6 PagesFailures The French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution are both meaningful revolutions that altered the English and French citizens permanently during the end of the eighteenth century. They undoubtedly contrast in the ways in which they occurred and the reasons why they developed. However, both the French Revolution and Industrial Revolution have ways in which they succeeded as a revolution, as well as obvious failures. The Industrial Revolution and French Revolutions bittersweet consequencesRead MoreIndustrialization Of The Second Industrial Revolution1390 Words   |  6 PagesThe Second Industrial Revolution, which reached its peak during 1870 to 1914, marked a significant turning point in American history. Before this era of progression and industrial excellence, America was on the verge of expansion like never before. From the vast amounts of land gained through the Annexation of Texas in 1845, the British retreating from Oregon in 1846, and the Mexican cession of Southwest terri tory guaranteed by the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo of 1848, (Engelman) America was ableRead MoreThe Decline Of The Industrial Revolution1462 Words   |  6 Pageswhat factors played into such a drastic shift in the global economy from 1500. Previously China had been at the heart of the international trade yet it did not industrialise first. The economic and societal transformations which occurred in Britain in the period spanning 1770 to 1900 resulted in the formation of the modern capitalist economy. A model replicated in other parts of the world through replication, in the US for instance or forcibly implemented on the population, for example Russia inRead MoreThe Rise Of The Industrial Revolution Essay1160 Words   |  5 PagesA revolution is a â€Å"sudden, extreme, or complete change in the way people live, work, etc.† (Meriam-Webster). The Industrial Revolution was a shift from largely rural, handcrafted and agricultural economies to an eventual urban technology-dri ven economies. The revolution began in Britain in the 1700s, hit the United States in the 1800s and spread to the whole world by the 1900s. Europe and the United States were components in the products of the Industrial Revolution going viral. These two countriesRead MoreThe Decline Of The Industrial Revolution1646 Words   |  7 Pageswould be forever changed from the time period of 1750 to 1840. Throughout this time many changes in technology, changed the way americans lived their day to day life.All of these revolutionary changes that impacted millions of people s lives are thanks to the industrial revolution. This enormous movement known as the industrial revolution first started out in Great Britain later on spreading to the western world in the following decade. The Industrial revolution is considered a great change in humanRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution : A Small Parts Of A Larger Manufacturing Development849 Words   |  4 PagesIn order to increase productivity of the fast changing economy, the Industrial Revolution presented new organizational strategies. Small parts of a much larger manufacturing develop ment, known as outwork system were carried out in many individual homes. The outwork system was essential, especially for making footwear. The major step-forward was under the factory system. This system allowed work to be performed on a large scale in a single centralized location. A group of businessmen, Boston AssociatesRead MoreChanges During The Industrial Era1293 Words   |  6 Pages1800s, the Industrial Revolution shifted Europe exponentially from a basic, morbid society, to become highly intricate and economically prosperous. Urbanization spread throughout Europe making unsafe working areas and conditions no longer a problem for the average worker due to government s safety laws. By increasing the low wages, it allowed the men of Europe to fully support their families, eliminating children and women from working in the factories. These changes during the industrial era createdRead More The Industrial Revolution Essay1526 Words   |  7 PagesThe Industrial Revolution in B ritain’s history is marked as the period of great development that led to the modern era of growth, improved living standards and technology. Moreover, this revolution was not just limited to Britain; it affected the rest of Europe and America in the same positive manner. Due to the Industrial Revolution’s success in many countries, it is now commonly cited as the surest way for a country to develop. In economics, goals of a developed country are high production of goodsRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution in Europe1217 Words   |  5 Pagesenlightened age, Infrastructure, and the economic climate allowed Great Britain to seek new job opportunities and exploit new business ideas. In addition, literacy, public education and the middle class was rising immensely. Concepts like partnerships and selling shares were introduced during this time period. The process of the Industrial Revolution was rapid in Western Europe however, by the 1900 all of Europe was involved. Over al l, the effects of the revolution changed the way materials are transportedRead MoreThe Great Divergence : China, Europe And The Making Of The Modern World Economy Essay1726 Words   |  7 PagesDuring the long time of economic history, the Industrial Revolution happened in England in the eighteenth century is definitely a turning point which triggers many scholars’ interests. Gregory Clark, the author of A Farewell to Alms: A Brief Economic History of the World, claims that the average person of 1800 was no better off than their remote ancestors of the Palaeolithic according to the Malthusian Trap. Then he focuses on solving three questions: Why did the Malthusian Trap persist so long

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Advantages and Disadvantages of Being a First Mover

Advantages and Disadvantages of being a First Mover: The timing of entry to a particular market or industry is usually important because it helps in determining a companys returns on investment. First movers are described as the first entrants to offer or sell a new product or service category in a particular industry. Some of the major advantages of being a first mover include brand loyalty and technological leadership, exploiting the switching costs of buyers, preemption of scarce assets, and gaining increasing returns advantages. As a first mover, a firm can develop a reputation of a leader in the specific area of technology within the industry that enables it to sustain a lead when competition enters the arena (Schilling, n.d.). Such companies may also increase in market power through increased returns that could help in ultimately making it the dominant design. The other advantage of being a first mover in an industry is that an organization obtains control of resources. Despite of these first mover advantages, companies also bear some disadvantages of being pioneers in an industry. First, first movers are considerably less profitable in the long run as compared to the other entrants in the industry. Secondly, first movers experience high research and development expenses since they spend more money on exploratory research. Third, first movers have challenges associated with undeveloped supply and distribution channels that proves to be a major disadvantage. TheShow MoreRelatedFirst and Late Mover Companies or Products1748 Words   |  7 PagesFirst and Late Mover Companies or Products: Every industry is usually characterized with a variety of competing firms that seek to establish their presence and profitability in the market. As part of enhancing their competitiveness and increasing their market share, these firms are involved in developing and introducing products and/or services that meet customers needs. The first company to introduce products and/or services to a market is usually considered as a first mover in the specific industryRead MoreFirst Mover and Market Follower923 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction to First Mover and Market Follower When it comes to having a competitive advantage, a firm would be looking at generating higher sales or market share over its competitors. Competitive advantage can be achieved by many ways in terms of low cost, providing niche products or services. Another type of competitive advantage is the first mover. The first mover is termed as a firm being the first to move into a particular market with this services or product. There are significant advantage and risksRead MoreFord Wholly Owned Subsidiary895 Words   |  4 Pagesnet exporter of vehicles. Between 2006 and 2008 the volume of foreign cars sold in Russian increased significantly. As of today, 11 foreign car makers have production operations already established or are building plants in Russia. Ford became the first investor in 1998. In 2007 and 2009Ford’s light vehicle sales in Russia were 175,643 and 82,083, respectively. Today, Ford’s factory in St. Petersburg makes small Focus and medium-sized Mondeo sedans. Since its initial investment in the Russian marketRead MorePDA Case Study994 Words   |  4 Pagescompanies were first movers. First Movers have a major advantage of being â€Å"first to market† with new technology and can often gain a large advantage over competitors.   In order to be a First-Mover, an organization must have a developed new technology with knowledge about the market, an established distribution system for the new technology, and an educated new customer who understands the benefits of the new technology (Schilling, 2008, pg. 88-90). However, in the case of PDAs, being first did not allowRead MoreCase Study : Apple Inc. 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This concept is accepted without questioning or objecting it, a great amount of mangers believe that be incorporating this status will increase their competitive advantage and obtaining a great part of the market share. There are executives that believe that the first-mover is a great advantage that willRead MoreFactors Affecting The Competitive Nature Of An Industry1214 Words   |  5 Pagesand ability to invest in new assets. Another macroeconomic force—currency exchange rates—will affect multinational firms and industries. Exchange rates can increase or decrease competition among an industry, which is important for a firm to take advantage of (Hill et al., 2016: 68). In terms of global forces, managers should consistently be analyzing the benefits from trade based on trade regulations. In todayâ₠¬â„¢s society, international trade is increasingly uncertain as many countries seem to be shiftingRead MoreStandardization For A Format War977 Words   |  4 Pagesmarket. Example- Microsoft and Intel had won format war against Apple computer s proprietary system and later against IBM OS/2 opereting system. How standardization can lead to a format war: Standardization can be an improtant source of competitive advantages. Most of the cases one standard become the winning standard, so many wars in industries occure around the companies for get the winning standard. Thus standardization lead to format war. 2.Once standardization occurs, how does the industry benefitRead MoreThe Invention Of The First Mover1354 Words   |  6 PagesThe first-mover advantage is defined as a firm’s ability to be better off than its competitors as a result of being the first to market in a new product category. This concept is accepted without questioning or objecting it, a great amount of mangers believe that be incorporating this status will increase their competitive advantage and obtaining a great part of the market share. There are executives that believe that the first-mover is a great advantage that will make their business succeed in everyRead MoreThe Strategies To Test Marketing : The Challenges Of Marketing And Product Development802 Words   |  4 PagesAs the world grows more socially responsible, there has been a shift towards eco-friendly transportation, such as electric cars or commuter bikes. Taking advantage of this growing segment, our marketing department has decided to move for ward with an innovative commuter bike, entering markets in urban areas with high commuting populations. In doing so, we hope to gain the most we can from data and feedback while minimizing cost, time consumption, and competition. In this stage of the new product development

Marketing Case Study - Diesel free essay sample

For an above-the-line approach Diesel gave unsigned new bands an opportunity to have their music heard through their on-line radio station Diesel:U:Music which it’s choices of music are chosen by the resident DJ – The impact being that the Diesel team saw music as an inspirational part of that lifestyle and realised that exploring new music and artists was all a part of trying something different and experimenting with the unusual. Also the launch of their campaign with the phrase ‘Be Stupid’ – The impact was this was chosen through Renzo Rosso taking the stupid move to make jeans that he wanted to wear all those years ago, then took an even more stupid move of trying to sell those jeans to other and are now being enjoyed by millions of people around the world now to enjoy. For below-the-line approach it’s always about engaging with the customers as opposed to selling at them, in having a two way conversation with the customer as to going against them with a one way speech, making it an enjoyable experience for the customer, making this an Indirect sales promotion. We will write a custom essay sample on Marketing Case Study Diesel or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Diesel gel the boundaries between to two approaches by combining both expensive activities like Radio and inexpensive activities like indirect sales promotion such as point-of-sales displays. 2. Diesel:U:Music is regarded as an above-the-line approach. It is part of a global music support collaboration along with an on-line music radio station allowing new music and artists to have their music heard and to have an opportunity to have their talent recognised. 3. Premium pricing strategy advantages and disadvantages: Advantages Disadvantages 4. Considering the distribution strategies mentioned in the case study, what might be the outcome if Diesel adopted an intensive distribution method†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ If Diesel were to sell their products at a low affordable price they would gain a wider share of the retail market, not everyone buys a product through the experience they had when in the store or getting them involved in with the Diesel lifestyle – an expensive one at that 5. To what extent do you think Diesel can rely on its brand alone for future growth! How far do you think Diesel’s growth is directly linked to its organisational structure! For as long as customers who are buying their products like them and are happy to buy them at the prices they sell them for. With Diesel’s organisational structure being a flat hierarchy, it encourages everyone to communicate with each other, sharing ideas and solving problems with less layers of management also trying to communicate that energy with its customers. I think it helps as the staff have a sense of belonging to both a team and to a particular responsibility, which leads to motivation. The more you understand your work and your environment, the happier you are likely to be at your job then the less likely you will want to leave . With being happy at work they can keep creating great ideas that has been said has formed the heart of the company, by this they have been producing products that millions of people have been buying.

Sunday, April 19, 2020

Transnational Crime free essay sample

The documentary Life and Debt portrays a true example of the impact economic globalization can have on a developing country. When most Americans think about Jamaica, we think about the beautiful beaches, warm weather, and friendly people that make it a fabulous vacation spot. This movie shows the place in a different light, by showing a pressuring problem of debt. The everyday survival of many Jamaicans is based on the economic decisions of the United States and other powerful foreign countries. The film opens with camera shots portraying Jamaica as the beautiful and carefree place that most Americans view it as. The vast majority are oblivious to the fact that the delicious food they indulge in on their voyage probably came off a ship from Miami. In the 1970s, the countrys former Prime Minister signed a loan agreement which ultimately led Jamaica to owe over four billion dollars in debt to the World Bank and IMF. We will write a custom essay sample on Transnational Crime or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This ultimately caused a sinking economy of low valued imports and to sweatshops destroying local businesses and agriculture. In the video, we see workers who are working gruesome six-day-a-week work schedules to receive the legal minimum wage of only $30 in US money for the entire week. Many have protested against the poor compensation, and have been fired from their jobs; having been placed on blacklists which prevent them from ever getting work again. Many have turned to crime as a means of income. What Globalization Means Globalization is not a recent concept. It means that the worldwide, virtually instantaneous interdependence about many aspects of economic and cultural life within a nation or state has expanded across borders either intentionally or unintentionally. Now this nation or a states independence to control events within its borders is challenged by international corporations, economic globalization, trade, transnational crime and the increase in global communications and developments in technology. Ways in Which Globalization Increases Crime Streeten defined the components of globalization’s effects on the fundamental change in our lives as below: †¦additionally to economic interdependence in terms of trade, finance, direct investment, there are technological, educational, cultural, ideological, and environmental, legal, military, strategic and political incentives that are rapidly spread throughout the world. Money and goods, images and people, sports and religions, guns and drugs, diseases and pollution can now be moved quickly across all over the world. Although people in many places seem prepared to die for the better option, we can say that there is no absolute model of the state. While we are talking about the state and globalization, we face the same dilemma while discussing the family characteristics in the West. In other words, the traditional Western family model and marriage has lived through many changes, and faced irreversible damages. We cannot state how the family will be in the future. The only thing we can do is keep up old and traditional values. Similarly, states are seeing considerable elements of traditional statehood being eroded. Main Components The sum of the various elements of globalization has caused sovereign state less and less a locus of policy and control under some organizations such as the WTO, the EU, NAFTA. Those organizations have become more significant players in the world politics arena. Indeed, it will be increasingly difficult for our future civil servant to define what national and international dimensions of problems are. Main Actors More than 190 countries now take place in the political arena with a larger number of powerful non-sovereign and at least partly (and often largely) independent actors that at least partly, varying from corporations to non-government organizations (NGOs), from terrorist groups to drug cartels, from regional and global institutions to banks and private equity funds. The sovereign state is affected by them causing better or worse as much as possible. The monopolistic power once enjoyed by sovereign entities is now being eroded.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Forrest Gump Essay Example

Forrest Gump Essay Example Forrest Gump Paper Forrest Gump Paper Fates Destiny Society has always questioned whether love or death is a matter of choice or fate. Fate is the theory that everything happens just the way it is supposed to happen. It is also the notion that all things and events are predetermined by a higher power. In William Shakespeares’ Romeo and Juliet, he writes about a young man named Romeo who falls in love with a woman named Juliet. Romeo’s falling in love with Juliet causes multiple people to die including the two lovers, and he is responsible. He claims that he did not kill those individuals, and that it was fate. He also claims that fortune chose for him to end his life in order to be with his lover. In Eric Roth’s academy award winner Forrest Gump, he writes about a young man named Forrest who grew up in Greenbow, Alabama. Forrest tells his life story to strangers while waiting at a bus stop and how he’s made the best of everything that’s ever happened to him. Roth and Shakespeare both write about how the powerful concept of fate and destiny effect human beings because when Romeo’s wife dies he blames fate and when Forrest Gumps’ wife dies he states everybody has a destiny. : This does not happen suddenly at all which makes it easier for the audience to take in at a gradual process. He puts the feather in a childrens picture book which was in his suitcase, which I think represents his character as childlike. The directors purpose for this was to give again a relaxing film as there is not much to take in at any one time making it much easier for the viewers. Of Mice and Men on the other hand is a totally contrast as the whole way though the opening shots we are constantly guessing on what has happen as Sinise felt the need to give the film and edgy mysteriousness to it. He achieves this well by introducing George on a train, in the dark. George looks very serious and unhappy. The audience assumes when the flashback occurs that something negative happen to put him in such a maze of emotions. We firstly see Lennie with George running. Sinise uses a mid-shot of them from their backs indicating them running away from a place. Its also done quite suddenly as they run past the camera. I think the director wants the audience to only see the back of them to leave the audience with the mystery of George and Lennies front appearances which adds to the mystery. The opening shots of the main characters are very different as Zeneckiss Forest Gump is very open and giving the audience as much detail as possible whereas Sinises is very minimalist in giving clues to what the main characters are like. The sound effects and music are very uplifting in Forrest Gump. The music is largely in a major key and so gives a happy atmosphere to set the story to. It is gentle and light at the beginning of the film to show that its not going to be a film of mystery or danger, but of happiness. The music then crescendos when the feather almost hits the car and diminuendos when the feather lands by Forrests foot. The directors purpose by using that effect is to tell the audience to focus their attention on him. Overall, the music was nothing dramatic do to give a homely environment. However, the music from Of Mice and Men is a total opposite as the music through out the opening scenes is in a minor key, therefore giving a sense of danger and unhappiness. We can see that it is not going to be a light hearted film. As we start to see the inside of the train where George is sitting, the music dies down by the time the camera has moved to show a close-up of his face drawing the audiences attention directly to George. Once the scene cuts to the flashback, the music all of a sudden starts again and it is much louder which creates a dramatic atmosphere giving the viewer a sense of danger. As the girl comes running towards the camera, we start to hear disturbing noises of the girl screaming and crying. Suddenly we see a close-up of dogs barking fiercely with strong music in the background giving a climaxing danger. This is a lot louder than when George and Lennie are running right at the beginning of the flashback. As soon as George and Lennie jump into the little river, the music cuts to get rid of the tension that was rising to give the audience the impression that they are safe. This is very effective as there is such a contrast between the layering of the music, dogs barking and men shouting to just Lennie and George panting as they sit in the river gives the audience a shock even though it is of relief. In the climax, I think Sinise wants you to panic for Lennie and Georges safety even though you are yet to find out about their personalities or the crime they have committed. My response to this particular part was to feel sympathy for the both of them. Even though the two films have very different sound effects and music they have been appropriately placed I feel to create very exciting atmospheres leading the audience to carry on watching. The dialogue in Forrest Gump starts when Forrest is accompanied by a nurse who sits on the bus stop bench where he is waiting. Forrest takes this opportunity to start to talk to her. He talks to her with a friendly tone about her shoes which are very clean. He says to her about how, mamma said that you can tell a lot from someones shoes. This draws the audience to see Forrests shoes which are extremely dirty looking. The viewer learns that by looking at his trainers he has an interesting story to tell and listen more intently to discover Forrests travels. From his accent and language and the fact he refers to his mothers explanations to life shows that Forrest isnt used to think for himself giving the impression hes slightly mentally challenged. He is projected as a sweet and caring person. Even though the nurse ignores Forrest, he keeps on trying to talk to her and get a response. This symbolises him being so childlike in a way that he will not persist until he is given attention. I think Zeneckis wants to give the audience as fuller projection of Forrest as possible as it may lead on and answer questions on why things happened later on in the film. My response is that you are given an insight to a very interesting character and gives you the urge to carry on watching to see what hes done with his life. The dialogue in Of Mice and Men differs drastically to Forrest Gump as it lacks in details about the characters and tends to be very short lines. The short lines give the affect of drama and mystery. Even though the lines are not as full as Zeneckiss film they still give you clues that tend to be a little less obvious. When we see George and Lennie running away from the lynch mob, we hear their first interaction of the film. George orders Lennie to run faster and has to push him forward to help. This immediately portrays George as the stronger of the two as he is the one asking Lennie to run faster, giving him a master figure. Lennie is also given the role of the follower. George as he speaks has an anxious tone in his voice which indicates that they have done something wrong. Lennie on the other hand seems oblivious and doesnt know why they are running away or why George seems so anxious. This indicates that like Forrest Gump, he may be mentally challenged as it seems he is in another world.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

The Intercultural Communication in the Sports and Politics Essay

The Intercultural Communication in the Sports and Politics - Essay Example The sports events like the Olympics and the World Cup though are more about sports have been used over time to engage in high levels of public diplomacy (Murray, 2013). In this case, the sporting events are useful in undertaking Intercultural Public Relations. However, even when engaging in public diplomacy, those in charge resort to using language that is acceptable to all the people from different backgrounds thus contributing to a large extent in influencing intercultural communication (Baraldi, 2015). On the other hand, using sport in changing public relations or political relations is a means through which nation brand themselves. For instance, the 2014 Olympics games in Russia were overshadowed by Vladimir Putin’s passing of anti-gay laws before the games kicked off. Putin had to respond to public and media attention. In response, the USA media portrayed how Russia was not in the same league of human rights as the rest of the world. Therefore, the Russian example shows h ow sporting events are being used as platforms for airing political differences and also at the time being crucial to influencing other societies to embrace tolerance. Nonetheless, the fight for political supremacy through sports entails engaging in intercultural communication where nations use language that is accepted by the rest of the world as a community (Allen, 2011). For instance, in the Russian scenario, the country is against homosexuality though the Olympic Games was used to encourage the country.